Indian History Quiz PDF: Learn about the Freedom Struggle from 1857 to 1947
Quiz on Indian History from 1857 to 1947 PDF Download
Indian history from 1857 to 1947 is one of the most fascinating and crucial periods in the history of India. It witnessed a series of events that shaped the destiny of India and its people. From the revolt of 1857 to the partition of India and independence in 1947, this period saw the rise of organized movements, nationalism, Gandhi, civil disobedience, Quit India, and many other aspects that defined the Indian freedom struggle.
quiz on indian history from 1857 to 1947 pdf download
If you are interested in learning more about this period, or if you want to refresh your memory, or if you are preparing for any competitive exam, then taking a quiz on this topic is a great way to test your knowledge and understanding. A quiz can help you to recall important facts, dates, names, events, causes, effects, and outcomes. It can also help you to identify your strengths and weaknesses, and improve your performance.
In this article, we will provide you with a brief overview of the main events of Indian history from 1857 to 1947, along with a link to download a PDF file of a quiz on this topic. You can download the PDF file for free, print it out, or use it online. The quiz consists of multiple-choice questions with four options each. The answers are given at the end of the quiz. You can also find some frequently asked questions about this topic at the end of this article.
Main Events of Indian History from 1857 to 1947
The Revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857, also known as the first war of independence or the sepoy mutiny, was a widespread uprising against the British rule in India. It started as a mutiny of Indian soldiers (sepoys) in Meerut on May 10, 1857, who refused to use cartridges greased with animal fat for their rifles. The cartridges were considered offensive by both Hindu and Muslim sepoys, as they violated their religious beliefs. The mutiny soon spread to other parts of northern and central India, such as Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Jhansi, Gwalior, etc.
The revolt was supported by various sections of Indian society, such as peasants, artisans, zamindars, princes, and religious leaders. The revolt was led by various local leaders, such as Bahadur Shah Zafar, Nana Sahib, Rani Lakshmibai, Tantia Tope, Kunwar Singh, Maulvi Ahmadullah, etc. The revolt was a result of various political, economic, social, religious, and military grievances against the British rule, such as the annexation of Indian states, the exploitation of Indian resources, the oppression of Indian people, the interference in Indian customs and religions, the discrimination and racism against Indians, etc.
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The revolt was a major challenge to the British authority in India, and it took more than a year for the British to suppress it. The revolt had significant consequences for both India and Britain. It marked the end of the Mughal dynasty and the East India Company's rule in India. It also led to the transfer of power from the Company to the British Crown in 1858. The British government introduced various reforms and policies to consolidate its control and appease its Indian subjects. The revolt also stimulated the growth of Indian nationalism and resistance against the British rule in the coming years.
The Rise of Organized Movements and Nationalism
After the revolt of 1857, India witnessed the emergence of various organized movements and nationalist groups that aimed to challenge the British rule and demand reforms and self-rule. These movements were influenced by various factors, such as the spread of modern education, the exposure to western ideas, the growth of press and literature, the rise of socio-religious reform movements, the impact of global events, etc. Some of the main movements and groups that emerged in India after 1857 were:
The Indian National Congress (INC): The INC was founded in 1885 by A.O. Hume and other Indian leaders as a platform for political dialogue and representation of Indian interests. The INC initially adopted a moderate approach and demanded constitutional reforms, greater representation, civil rights, administrative reforms, etc. from the British government. Some of the prominent moderate leaders were Dadabhai Naoroji, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Surendranath Banerjee, etc.
The Muslim League: The Muslim League was founded in 1906 by Aga Khan and other Muslim leaders as a separate political organization for the Muslims of India. The Muslim League initially supported the British rule and demanded separate electorates, safeguards, and concessions for the Muslims. Some of the prominent Muslim League leaders were Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Allama Iqbal, etc.
The Swadeshi Movement: The Swadeshi movement was a mass movement that started in 1905 as a response to the partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon. The movement aimed to boycott foreign goods and promote indigenous industries and products. The movement also involved various forms of protests, such as public meetings, demonstrations, strikes, petitions, etc. The movement was supported by both moderates and extremists within the INC. Some of the prominent Swadeshi leaders were Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Lala Lajpat Rai, Aurobindo Ghosh, Rabindranath Tagore, etc.
The Home Rule Movement: The Home Rule movement was a political movement that started in 1916 by Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak as a demand for self-government or dominion status for India within the British Empire. The movement aimed to mobilize public opinion and create awareness about India's political rights and aspirations. The movement also involved various forms of propaganda, such as newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, lectures, etc. The movement also influenced the formation of the Lucknow Pact between the INC and the Muslim League in 1916, which was a sign of Hindu-Muslim unity and cooperation.
The Revolutionary Movement: The revolutionary movement was a radical movement that started in the early 20th century by various individuals and groups who resorted to violent means to overthrow the British rule in India. The movement involved various acts of sabotage, assassination, robbery, conspiracy, etc. The movement was inspired by the nationalist and socialist ideologies of India and abroad. Some of the prominent revolutionary leaders were Bhagat Singh, Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil, Ashfaqulla Khan, Subhash Chandra Bose, etc.
The Role of Gandhi and the Non-Cooperation Movement
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi or the Father of the Nation, was one of the most influential and charismatic leaders of the Indian freedom struggle. He was born in 1869 in Gujarat and trained as a lawyer in England. He spent 21 years in South Africa, where he fought against racial discrimination and injustice. He returned to India in 1915 and joined the INC. He soon became the leader of the mass movements against the British rule.
Gandhi's principles and methods of struggle were based on non-violence (ahimsa), truth (satya), and self-reliance (swaraj). He advocated civil disobedience, passive resistance, non-cooperation, satyagraha, constructive work, etc. as the means to achieve freedom and justice. He also emphasized the moral and spiritual aspects of nationalism and social reform.
Gandhi launched the non-cooperation movement in 1920 as a response to the Rowlatt Act, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and the Khilafat issue. The movement aimed to withdraw all forms of cooperation and